ADPRIMA - since 1997

Education information for new and future teachers

"No mental tool honed by human intellect, curiosity and experience
 can long resist  being dulled by simple ignorance or stupidity."

Catalyst: Tools for Effective Teaching 2.0 Celtic bird Catalyst: Dynamically Balanced Study Skills - the best tools and tips.
ADPRIMA site directory
For New Teachers - Lesson Planning - Learning Objectives - Teaching Methods  Classroom Management  - Curriculum and Curriculum Issues - Study Skills
Other Education Resources - Thinking Skills -


Direct Teaching Information

Dr. Bob KIzlik


Updated April 2, 2017

"Tell them what you're going to say, say it, and then tell them what you said."

The simple declarative sentence above illustrates one of the most powerful concepts described on ADPRIMA. Probably as much as any other "instructional method," direct teaching, also known as direct instruction, is both misunderstood, but at the same time can be a powerful teaching tool in the classroom. For new teachers, it provides an anchor, a proven technique and focus that can provide a measure of stability in those first hectic months of teaching. The name most associated with direct teaching is Madeline Hunter. Direct teaching is also associated with Clinical Teaching, Target Teaching, and Instructional Theory into Practice (TIP). To be sure, there are many who dismiss direct teaching as an ineffective model, but one must question such assertions with a deeper question: "Ineffective compared to what?"

Direct teaching is a systematic instructional method that first and foremost requires the teacher to have a command of the subject matter at as close to a mastery level as possible. This means that whether subject matter is at the elementary level, middle school level, high school level, college level or adult education level, that the teacher thoroughly "understand" the content. Such understanding presupposes that the teacher "knows" more than the facts that describe the content. It also means that the teacher understands the structure of the content. In short, it means that the teacher understands each item of the content in more than one way. The main purpose of direct teaching is to provide information within a structure that enables all students to attain the stated objectives at a level of mastery. Inferences may be made at this point that direct teaching is least attractive to those teachers who themselves lack mastery of the content. Can teachers be effective without using direct teaching? Of course. In fact, many, if not most successful instructional episodes occupy a continuum of teaching methods from direct teaching to cooperative learning and individual student projects.

Direct teaching or direct instruction is a systematic way of planning, communicating, and delivering in the classroom. One does not become proficient at this, or any skill without practice and relevant feedback. Direct teaching is probably best for teaching skills, not understandings, and so, the teacher must practice these skills as perfectly as possible in an environment that encourages relevant feedback about the teaching performance..

The following sites provide insight into Madeline Hunter's direct teaching model and ideas. The purpose is to provide information that can help you sharpen your skills and help you understand this sometimes maligned approach that can be a valuable part of your instructional repertoire. What follows is serious information.

Elements of Effective Instruction The Madeline Hunter Model explained.
Direct Teaching of Thinking  Good information from the University of Akron.
Practical Classroom and Direct Teaching Strategies From Education consultants of the Midwest, a nicely described page on direct teaching.

University of Sunderland (UK) This page is the result of a student project that involves direct teaching. Go there to get some interesting ideas. A nicely done page.
UNICEF - Teachers Talking Teaching styles for active learning from UNICEF.

"Anything not understood in more than one way is not understood at all."

A thought-provoking thriller novel I wrote for the Kindle: The Bucci Strain: Imprint

Kindle Thanks for supporting ADPRIMA

Advertise on ADPRMA


The Bucci Strain: Imprint


ADPRIMA - Amazon

Copyright 2017

Robert Kizlik & Associates

Boca Raton, Florida